December 22, 2014.
Dear Dr. Stefano Marcelli, we noticed that your paper "Gross anatomy and acupuncture: A comparative approach to reappraise the meridian system" is very interesting. We respect you as a pioneer in this field.
Yours sincerely,
Kwang-Sup Soh, PhD, Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies.


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Crucial questions that
anatomical comparative
approach succeeded
to answer according
to scientific method
fundamental premise:
meticulous observation.

2008-2017 Stefano Marcelli

brown text means unrevised translation or incomplete work ::

NB: the author uses the words "channel", "meridian" and "vessel" as synonyms to define the system of lines, tubes or slices transporting the undemonstrated energy called Qi (pronounce "tchi") to all parts of the body. Anyway he considers "meridian" more suitable for scientific speech and literature, also because it is already employed in other fields of knowledge as in geography and morphogenesis.


Why acupuncture should give science clear evidences?

Why right and left branches of the large intestine meridian cross each other on the midline, unique exception over 12 main meridians? Answered and published here (Medical Acupuncture Journal)


Why the kidney meridian path forms a circle on the medial aspect of the foot, whereas the bladder meridian does not the same on the lateral aspect? Answered and published here  (same article as above)

Why the small intestine meridian draws a zig-zag in the shoulder, scapular area? Answered and published here  (same article as above)

Why amongst the back-shu points is listed Dushu (BL-), referring to Governor Vessel, even though TCM does not connect it to a specific organ? Is there a plausible explanation for why it finds just between Xinshu (Heart point) and Geshu (Diaphragm point) and not elsewhere? If it is an organ, which could it be? Is there in the body a "Governor organ"? According to comparative approach the answer is yes, there is!
Answered and published here (a page of this website)
Why the stomach and gall bladder meridians that are of yang nature run down the anterior aspect of chest-abdomen like intruders into a yin meridian territory? Why differently the back is covered by yang meridians only?
Answered, not yet published

Why at least one fourth of the dorsal, lateral and yang aspect of the foot is occupied by the liver meridian that is a yin meridian?
Answered, not yet published
Why the sole of the foot is exclusively controlled by the kidney yin meridian?
Answered, not yet published
Why in arms and hands the acupuncture meridians are arranged in such ordered, always parallel paths, with the three yin and three yang that cover the ventral and dorsal aspect, never touching each other? On the contrary, on the medial side of legs and foots the kidney meridian (as seen above) draws a loop and then the three yin meridian
Answered, not yet published


Why Traditional Chinese Medicine privileged pericardium rather than pleura or peritoneum and assigned the rank of main organ and meridian to it? What is the veritable organ/function - unknown to modern medicine - that the ancient Chinese wanted to point out by giving it the name "pericardium"?
Answered, not yet published
Why head surface is covered by yang meridians exclusively, and head organs (brain, tongue, eyes, ears etc.) by yin meridians?
Answered, not yet published

Before leaving this page take a look at the table of contents of this revolutionary approach.

Ask Dr. Marcelli a question about particular features of the Acupuncture Meridian System that are not listed here, so that he can try to give an answer according to the comparative approach, and by the means of scientific method. Or - much better - you are invited to communicate your own answered questions, which will be published and credited in this site and in possible scientific papers. Science means sharing and progress of knowledge. Before I applied the scientific method to acupuncture research, there were no new acquisitions in the knowledge about the Acupuncture Meridian System since thousands years, so it was officially dead and generated comprehensible rejection by rational minds, differently from TCM herbology, which has already incorporated plenty of new acquisitions from modern chemistry, biochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology. 


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The Active Points Test book just published in English ◊
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effective points