and acupuncture: a
to reappraise the
The full collection of observations
according to scientific method
© 2008-2019 Stefano Marcelli
home/table of contents -
:: brown text means unrevised translation or incomplete work
NB: the author uses the words "channel", "meridian" and "vessel" as synonyms to define the system of lines, tubes or slices transporting the undemonstrated energy called Qi (pronounce "tchi") to all parts of the body. Anyway he considers "meridian" more suitable for scientific speech and literature, also because it is already employed in other fields of knowledge as in geography and morphogenesis.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Why acupuncture should give
science clear evidences?
I began to apply scientific method
to acupuncture because I could no longer hear someone to say" the thumb is
the finger of the lung", "the inner path of the kidney meridian ends at the
root of the tongue" and other similar sentences with no evidence or at
least a rational
Minimal knowledge on the
acupuncture meridian system
It is indispensable for non-acupuncturists to grasp
and take advantage from the results of the observations
collected in this site.
The strange circle in the acupuncture kidney meridian
Scientific method before being applied needs a
question, which in this case was: why in the many meters that compose the
meridian system only in the kidney meridian there's a circle?
| Right and left branches of large intestine meridian cross in a very special zone
coincidence between an acupuncture meridian and the anatomy of its
Does the gallbladder meridian establish the shapes of skull and liver?
This question sordidly installed in my mind the suspect that "morphogens"
could mean physical forces beside than chemical molecules.
| Triple Burner, Triple Energizer, Triple Warmer, Sanjiao or DUODENUM-PANCREAS
Studying this organ, to which the old
Chinese did not succeed to call by a conclusive name, I understood I
needed also to take a look at vertebrate comparative anatomy books.
| How many coincidences need to be found before we can call them causes?
Truth can be relative and contradictory: popes engaged
soldiers and (Michel)anges.
| Small intestine or jejunum and ileum
talis pater talis filius
The Stomach that is the "Centre"
The stomach results to be the pivot
that in the embryonic development allows large intestine to cross
the midline and become a bilateral organ.
| A new outlook on back-shu point anatomy
Scientific method applied to research
in acupuncture made me add new knowledge to a very old medical
discipline, and explained the criterion upon which back-shu points
Contrary to what happens
in other vertebrates,
in humans some
important acupuncture points
do not correspond to particular
anatomic features. These observations are a
clue for a possible implication of
the Acupuncture Meridian System as a physical mold in the
morphogenesis of individuals and species.
Does evolution pass through
the acupuncture meridians? Evo-devo acupuncture
I am still looking for scientists who admit mythology
among the prime sources of any scientific insight.
Crucial questions that
succeeded to answer
The comparative approach is nothing but
simply a meticulous observation, first step of the scientific method.
Acupuncture Meridian System in other animal must respect comparative
Comparative anatomical approach
allows acupuncture scholars to draw meridians on whatever animal.
Scientific Literature on this
Appendix: the consequent theory